Family C115

Family

Summary Holotypes Genomes Literature H-seq M-seq

Summary for family C115

Family type peptidaseC115.001 - MINDY-1 protein (Homo sapiens), MEROPS Accession MER1054226 (peptidase unit: 1-469)
Content of familyFamily C115 contains deubiquitinating enzymes
HistoryThe MINDY (MIU-containing novel DUB) family of deubiquitinating enzymes are selective for Lys48-linked polyubiquitin, prefering long polyubiquitin chains which are trimmed from the distal end (Abdul Rehman et al., 2016).
Catalytic typeCysteine
Active site residuesQ131 C137 H319 
Active siteThe active site is similar to that of other cysteine-type deubiquitinating enzymes, and a Cys/His catalytic dyad has been identified by site-directed mutagenesis. A glutamine N-terminal to the active site cysteine probably represents the residue that helps form the oxyanion hole during catalysis, because Ala or Glu mutants at this position are catalytically inactive. A residue C-terminal to the active site histidine that orientates the imidazolium ring has not been identified (Abdul Rehman et al., 2016).
Activities and specificitiesOnly Lys48-linked polyubiquitin chains are cleaved. Ubiquitin molecules are released one at a time (Abdul Rehman et al., 2016).
Molecular structureMembers of the MINDY family uniquely amongst deubiquitinating enzymes contain a ubquitin-binding domain known as an MIU (motif interacting with ubiquitin) motif, which is a helical motif that binds mono-ubiquitin (Penengo et al., 2006). <#FAM118B#C115.002#> contains an EF hand structure inserted in the peptidase unit. The structure of <#MINDY-1#C115.001#> has been solved (Abdul Rehman et al., 2016).
ClanCA
Distribution of family Bacteria details  
Archaea details  
Protozoa details  
Fungi details  
Plants details  
Animals details  
Viruses -  
Biological functionsLys48-linked polyubiquitined proteins are targeted to the proteasome, so by removing these, MINDY-1 rescues proteins from degradation (Abdul Rehman et al., 2016).
Statistics for family C115Sequences:1207
Identifiers:2
Identifiers with PDB entries:0
Downloadable files Sequence library (FastA format)
Sequence alignment (FastA format)
Phylogenetic tree (Newick format)
Peptidases and Homologues MEROPS ID Structure
MINDY-1 proteinC115.001-
FAM63B g.p. (Homo sapiens)C115.002-
family C115 non-peptidase homologuesC115.UNW-
family C115 homologues, unassignedunassigned-